MediaSpace DME Journal of Communication

Published Annually by Delhi Metropolitan Education (Affiliated to GGSIP University)

Case Study: Malthus Still Stands Tall in Over-Population Debates and Uttar Pradesh
April 21, 2022
by

Case Study: Malthus Still Stands Tall in Over-Population Debates and Uttar Pradesh

Case Study: Malthus Still Stands Tall in Over-Population Debates and Uttar Pradesh

Ashish Srivastava

Research Article: Open Access

MediaSpace DME Journal of Communication, Vol. 2, Issue 1, 2021, Pages: 73 – 80

Abstract

According to Census 2011, the population of India was 1.21 billion and that of Uttar Pradesh was 1.99 million. Gradually the population increased. In fact, the increase of population in Uttar Pradesh has been so much that the state had to introduce a Population Bill draft titled ‘UTTAR PRADESH POPULATION (CONTROL, STABILIZATION AND WELFARE) BILL, 2021. The draft bill in simpler words states that if a married couple now propagates to have more than 2 children then he/she won’t be entitled to subsidies/benefits under government schemes. This Bill aims to bring the state & total fertility rate viz. the number of children per woman to 2.1% from the existing 2.7%. The total fertility rate of the Muslim community in Uttar Pradesh in 2015-16 was 3.10 and that for the Hindu community was 2.67. Based on these numbers assumptions were made that this bill is targeting a certain section of society. The idea of population explosion has been popularized by Thomas Robert Malthus through his infamous essay Theory of Population (1798). This paper would attempt to critically analyse Malthus’ theory and how it has been challenged ad nauseam. The paper will focus on the theories of Malthus, William Godwin, Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, and others. After analyzing all the relevant population theories including Neo-Malthusian theories, their criticism as well as real-world application this paper would see how relevant they are to the present UP Population Bill. It will also analyze a point that is left out from the bill viz. female foeticide and female infanticide. It would conclude by studying whether it is suitable for pan-India implication or will the policy fail again as it did in the past?  

Keywords: Birth Control, Female Foeticide, Malthusian Myth, Population Bill, Population Myth, Theory of Population.